More than 1.5 million foreign tourists are expected to visit Russia during the 2018 FIFA World Cup…
This summer’s football festival takes place in eleven Russian cities: Moscow, St. Petersburg, Kaliningrad, Volgograd, Kazan, Nizhny Novgorod, Samara, Saransk, Rostov-on-Don, Yekaterinburg and Sochi.
Of the 12 venues, the 81,000-seater Luzhniki Stadium in Moscow and the 68,134-seater Saint Petersburg Stadium (the two largest stadiums in Russia) will host seven matches each. Sochi, Kazan, Nizhny Novogrod and Samara will host six matches each, including one quarter-final match. Moscow, at the Otkrytiye Stadium, and Rostov-on-Don will each host five matches, while Volgograd, Kaliningrad, Yekaterinburg and Saransk will each host four matches. For this program, the organizers and Russia itself face the challenge of providing enough power at the right place and the right time.
Demand for energy
People from all over the world are expected to attend the games. They will need to be fed, accommodated, cooled and transported to the matches in this vast country. Some will fly between cities, while others will drive or take the train to attend matches. Although, no demand forecasts have been released for the Russian World Cup, data from the last World Cup in Brazil found the event used enough energy to fuel 260 million cars and trucks in the United States for an entire day, or the equivalent of what 560,000 cars use in a year. As for the fans at home, their national power grids are likely to see a spike in demand at half time. In the case of the Brazil World Cup 2014 these matches caused the following spikes in demand: from British viewers watching England v Uruguay, (a 1.3 GW surge — the equivalent of 520,000 kettles), England v Costa Rica (1.2 GW or 480,000 kettles) and England v Italy (900 MW or 360,000 kettles).