Nicholas Newman Pipeline Coatings Magazine February 2014 – There are oil and gas pipelines criss- crossing North America , from the Pacific coast in the west to the Atlantic in the east and, from Canada’s tundra region in the north, to America’s Gulf of Mexico oil refineries in the south. The North American Pipeline network integrates the oil and gas production areas of Canada and America and transports around 90% of Canada’s oil and gas exports. However, the pipeline networks’ capacity constraints were dramatically exposed during the severe winter weather of 2013-2014. Despite the last decade’s huge investments in expanding pipeline capacity to carry increasingly large amounts of recently discovered shale gas and oil to existing and new markets, further investment is required . Whilst pipeline storage operators invested twice as much between 2006-2013 compared with 1992 – 2006, it was clearly too little to meet unusual peak demand. Indeed, Deloitte in a recent study (2012) estimated that the pipeline network will need a further $200 billion invested over the years to 2035 in order to transport the expected increasing output of shale gas and oil from Western Canada, and North American shale oil and gas towards the South-eastern US. The growing demand for gas in this region is due to its booming petrochemical, energy intensive and high technology industries. The prospect of gas exports via LNG plants, such as Houston-based Cheniere Energy Inc’s. Sabine Pass in Louisiana, comes a step closer with its expected completion in 2015 . http://www.digitalversions.com/ppe/PCFeb2014.pdf page 20
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