Design Eniday Oil Technology

Oil: the essential ingredient in cosmetics

The process of making natural cosmetics.
Nicholas Newman Eniday July 2017 

The global market for cosmetics was worth some $293.5 billion in 2016, led by famous brands such as L’Oréal, Estée Lauder, Beiersdorf and Coty. Not surprisingly, given its population size, Asia Pacific accounted for 36 percent of sales, followed by Europe at 26 percent and hot on its tail, North America at 24 percent…

Cosmetics has its roots in ancient traditions—abundant evidence has demonstrated that ancient Egyptians, Greeks and Romans applied cosmetics to their faces and hair with as much care and ingenuity as today’s consumers. In fact, the invention of cold cream is credited to Galen, a second-century Greek physician. Today, cosmetic use is ubiquitous, with income no longer a barrier to adoption, and cosmetics for men have moved from being in a niche segment to the mainstream. Many of the cosmetic and hair care products on the market today rely on hydrocarbon molecules, derived from either mineral or vegetable oils, to provide antistatic, plasticiser and viscosity properties. Oils in concentrations ranging from 1 to 99 percent are found in most skin creams and lotions, body and face cleansers, sun protection and self-tanning lotions, lipsticks, foundations, nail care products, hair gels, Vaselines and baby oils.

Types of oil
Mineral oil
Derived from petroleum, heavily refined mineral oil is clear, odorless and safe for wide use in cosmetics. In fact, the oil used by the cosmetics industry is substantially more refined than the petrol used in cars. Mineral oil has properties that make it especially suited to the cosmetic industry: it rarely causes allergic reactions and it cannot become solid and clog pores. Studies have found that mineral oil and petrolatum (a semi-solid form of mineral oil more commonly known as Vaseline) are the most effective moisturizing ingredients available. Mineral oil products commonly used in cosmetics include liquid paraffin, liquid petroleum, paraffin oil, paraffin liquidum, petrolatum liquid, petroleum oil, white mineral oil and white oil. Johnson’s Baby Oil, which is sold worldwide and used for adults as well as babies, is a perfumed mineral oil. Petrolatum, a sister, hydrocarbon product, is the main ingredient in the renowned eight--hour cream from Elizabeth Arden.

Vegetable oil
Vegetable oils form a barrier on the skin’s surface and thereby slow down the loss of water, helping to maintain the “plumpness” of skin. Vegetable oil is often a vital ingredient of bath products, cleansers, face and eye make-up, skin and suntan products. Vegetable oils made from almonds, castor, coconut and palm oil consist of ethereal salts of glycerine plus a large number of organic acids forming stearin, olein and palmitin, essential ingredients of these products. Read more

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