The Dutch government has announced the closure of Groningen, Europe’s largest gas field, in 2022. Gas production peaked at 88 billion cubic meters (BCM) in 1976 and has declined to around 12 BCM a year under government production caps, introduced in response to a series of tremors between 2013 and 2018 and a public outcry. Notwithstanding this, Rystad Energy predicts that some gas production will continue until 2030, since it will be very difficult to shut down such a large gas field so fast.
The demise of Dutch gas production ensures that the greater Benelux region will become more dependent on imported Russian and Norwegian pipeline gas as well as foreign LNG.
In anticipation of Groningen’s closure, Dutch gas pipeline operator Gas Unie has been converting the low calorific gas networks of Holland, Belgium, Northern Germany and Northern France to high calorific gas sourced from elsewhere in Europe and beyond. For example, Unie customers can be supplied with gas imported via Holland’s LNG port GATE (Gas Access to Europe) LNG Terminal which has an annual regasification capacity of 12 BCM, the same amount as Groningen currently produces. Read More https://www.rigzone.com/news/pipelines_lng_imports_needed_to_offset_groningen_gas_declines-31-oct-2019-160200-article/