2020 will mark the start of Russian-piped gas exports to Chinese cities including Beijing, Harbin and Shanghai. Completed in June this year, the $9-billion Power of Siberia gas pipeline is part of the $400 billion contract signed in 2014 by Russia’s Gazprom to supply 38 billion cubic metres (BCM) a year for 30 years to CNPC . With a maximum capacity of 61 BCM this pipeline is designed to transmit natural gas from Irkutsk and Yakutia of southern Siberia to cities on the Russian side of the Amur River and onwards to China.
About the pipeline
This 3,000 km pipeline crosses the Irkutsk, Amur and Sakha regions, which are host to hostile terrain including uninhabited swampy land, seismically-active mountains, permafrost and rocky areas as well as extreme temperatures which can fall to minus 62 degrees Celsius. The remoteness and length of the pipeline’s route, combined with the sheer quantities of material to be transported, make this an engineering and logistical triumph. For example, 1,700 tons of steel pipe were manufactured in the steelworks of Chelyabinsk, Leningrad and Nizhniy Novgorod regions of European Russia for transportation over 5,000 kilometres by train to logistic centres in the Irkutsk region, from where they were distributed by river barges and trucks using ice roads to various construction sites along the route.