Nicholas Newman Pipeline Coatings Magazine May 2014
America’s energy industry has been facing a new challenge. How is it to deliver, safely and efficiently, the huge new shale oil and gas flows made possible by horizontal drilling and fracking? This fundamental question is posed more severely, not only by the novel nature and location of the hydrocarbons but by a proliferating range of environmental, regulatory and political pressures.
A simple cost- benefit analysis is no longer sufficient to determine the choice of means – whether by pipeline, road, rail, barge or coastal tankers – to deliver energy to distant and more viable markets. Determining the best transport solution will depend on the interplay of safety issues, operational and capital costs as well as environmental and regulatory considerations.